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Role Transition: Behavioral Health: Disorders, Treatments, and Laws

Mental Health Disorders

Here are websites and apps that feature updated information on mental health disorders, conditions, and legislation. Previous mental health faculty at Oak Point and the librarians have compiled the below list of useful links and information to aid your research:

 

Anxiety Disorders 

UpToDate:  

Obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, course, assessment, and diagnosis 

Overview of fears and phobias in children and adolescents 

National Institute of Mental Health:  

Anxiety Disorders 

Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents Fact Sheet 

Generalized Anxiety Disorder 

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) 

Panic Disorder 

Social Phobia 

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 

UpToDate:  

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: Epidemiology and pathogenesis 

National Institute of Mental Health 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):  

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 

Autism Spectrum Disorder 

UpToDate:   

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evaluation and diagnosis 

Autism spectrum disorder: Terminology, epidemiology, and pathogenesis 

Autism spectrum disorder in children and adolescents: Overview of management 

Additional Resources:   

American Academy of Pediatrics: Autism Spectrum Disorder 

CDC: Autism Spectrum Disorder 

National Institute of Health: Autism Spectrum Disorder 

Bipolar Disorder 

UpToDate:  

Assessment & Diagnosis in Adults 

Assessment & Diagnosis in Pediatric Patients 

National Institute of Mental Health:  

Bipolar Disorder 

Dementia/Delirium 

UpToDate:  

Management of the Patient with Dementia 

Diagnosis of Delirium & Confusional States 

Depression 

UpToDate:  

Unipolar Depression in Adults 

Unipolar Depression in Pediatric Patients 

National Institute of Mental Health:  

Depression 

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder 

National Institute of Mental Health:  

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder 

Eating Disorders 

UpToDate: 

Anorexia nervosa in adults and adolescents: Medical complications and their management 

Anorexia nervosa in adults: Clinical features, assessment, and diagnosis 

Binge eating disorder in adults: Overview of treatment 

Bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder in adults: Medical complications and their management 

Bulimia nervosa in adults: Clinical features, assessment, and diagnosis 

Eating disorders in pregnancy 

Eating disorders: Overview of treatment 

Joanna Briggs Institute: 

Anorexia Nervosa: Management 

National Institute of Mental Health:  

Eating Disorders 

Impulse Control Disorders 

UpToDate:  

Intermittent Explosive Disorder 

Personality Disorders 

UpToDate:  

Antisocial Personality Disorder 

Overview of Personality Disorders 

Narcissistic Personality Disorder 

Pharmacotherapy 

National Institute of Mental Health:  

Borderline Personality Disorder 

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 

UpToDate:  

Dissociative aspects of posttraumatic stress disorder: Epidemiology, clinical manifestations, assessment, and diagnosis 

Pharmacotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder 

Posttraumatic stress disorder: Epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, course, and diagnosis 

Psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder 

Joanna Briggs Institute:  

Non-Pharmacological Treatments for Acute Stress Disorder and Acute Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Psychological Interventions 

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Suicide Risk 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):    

CDC: Traumatic Incident Stress       

CDC: Guidelines for Mental Health Screening during the Domestic Medical Examination for Newly Arrived Refugees 

CDC: Helping Patients Cope with a Traumatic Event 

Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders 

UpToDate:  

Schizophrenia 

Schizophrenia in Adolescents 

Schizophrenia Interventions 

National Institute of Mental Health:  

Schizophrenia 

Substance-Use Disorders 

UpToDate:  

Clinical Assessment 

Adolescent Treatment 

Alcohol-Use Disorder 

Opioid-Use Disorder 

National Institute of Mental Health:  

Substance-Use & Co-occurring Disorders 

Suicidal Thoughts & Behaviors 

UpToDate:  

Suicidal ideation and behavior in adults 

Suicidal behavior in children and adolescents: Epidemiology and risk factors 

Effect of antidepressants on suicide risk in adults  

Joanna Briggs Institute:  

Anxiety Disorders: Suicide Risk 

Cancer: Suicide Risk 

Residential Aged Care: Suicide Risk Assessment 

Schizophrenia: Suicide Risk 

Suicide (Suicide Risk): Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Persons 

Additional Resources:  

CDC's Suicide: Risk and Protective Factors 

 Mental Health Policy & Laws 

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA):  

Community Mental Health Act 

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS):  

Mental Health Parity & Addiction Equity Act 

Joint Commission:  

Standards on Restraint and Seclusion 

Mental Health America:  

Mental Health Rights 


Community Context of Mental Health

 

The National Counsel for Behavioral Health

COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH ACT

On October 31, 1963, President John F. Kennedy signed into law the Community Mental Health Act (also known as the Mental Retardation and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act of 1963), which drastically altered the delivery of mental health services and inspired a new era of optimism in mental healthcare. This law led to the establishment of comprehensive community mental health centers throughout the country. It helped people with mental illnesses who were “warehoused” in hospitals and institutions move back into their communities.

Along with this law, the development of more effective psychotropic medications and new approaches to psychotherapy made community-based care for people with mental illnesses a feasible solution. A growing body of evidence at that time demonstrated that mental illnesses could be treated more effectively and in a more cost-effective manner in community settings than in traditional psychiatric hospitals.

As services offered to people with mental illnesses became more diverse and comprehensive, it also became clear that helping people function at optimal levels would require the addition of treatment services for addiction disorders. This coordinated brand of service was labeled as “behavioral healthcare” — and providing comprehensive mental health and addictions services is the goal of community-based behavioral health organizations today.

Community-based mental health and addictions care continues to be a more effective option than institutionalization — in terms of access to quality healthcare and cost to the taxpayer and private payer. However, the organizations delivering such care have evolved far beyond the original community mental health centers.

Community-based behavioral healthcare is delivered by a mix of government and county-operated organizations, as well as private nonprofit and for-profit organizations. These mental health and addiction services are funded by a patchwork of sources, including Medicaid; Medicare; county, state, and federal programs; private insurance; and self-pays.