With this understanding, a Brazilian could be Latino and non-Hispanic, a Spaniard could be Hispanic and non-Latino, and a Colombian could use both terms. However, this is also an imperfect categorization, as there are many indigenous peoples from Spanish-speaking countries who do not identify with Spanish culture and do not speak the dominant language.
Hispanic: Someone who is a native of, or descends from, a Spanish-speaking country.
Latino / Latina (Latinx): Someone who is native of, or descends from, a Latin American country.
Chicano / Chicana (Chicanx):.Someone who is native of, or descends from, Mexico and who lives in the United States.
The term became widely used during the Chicano Movement of the 1960s by many Mexican Americans to express a political stance founded on pride in a shared cultural, ethnic, and community identity.
Immigrant: Someone who comes to a country to take up permanent residence
Undocumented Immigrant: someone who resides in a country without proper documentation.
Terms to avoid:
Dreamer: (often also spelled “DREAMer”) refers to an immigrant youth who qualifies for the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act. These are young people who are American in every way, except on paper. They have grown up in this country and consider themselves to be American, but lack the documents to fully participate in the country they call home.
DACA: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and allows applicants to legally work, while being protected from deportation. DACA status must be renewed every two years, which means it does not provide permanent protection.
Native Born: Someone born in the United States, regardless of citizenship or immigration status.